As a country whose 75% of its populace rely on subsistence agriculture, Kenya has more than its share of citizens working in the sector. It is no secret that it is Kenya’s most important economic sector, in that regard – in fact, it is many a family’s way of life, engrained in Kenyan culture as part and parcel of its history and tradition.
Kenya relies heavily on its coffee and its tea plantations, whose produce is exported all over the world and is known to be as a top class producer of such products.
Kenya is also known for its fresh produce of fruit and vegetables, which have made their way from the arid savannahs of the country to the high end kitchens in countries all over the world, then reprocessed to make food products such as sandwiches – adding vegetables is really the best way to make a panini – they’re not the third leading exporter in the world for veg for no reason.
But farming in Kenya is not without its problems – the same is true for Africa. For one, less than 20% of Kenya’s land is actually suited for agriculture, and much less so for prime agricultural land – and this is mostly reserved for its cash crops. The rest of the country will need to compete to grow subsistence crops such as corn.
And we all know that agriculture is the basic building block of the economy. If the agriculture of any country is not up to the mark or if they don’t have enough policies in their constitution then, of course, the economy of the country will be down and you will be a part of the country where are no jobs and no investments.
That’s what the new constitution of Kenya seeks to address – which we’ll discuss in more detail.
1. Legal Requirements
The land on which agriculture is happening should be leased and legally of the person who is doing work on it. And the work being done should be in line with regulations.
2. Standards And Practices
All minerals and law should be defined by the government, there shouldn’t be anything in the fields which is illegal and prohibited to use. Resources must be healthy and clean to eat for the nourishment of the citizens.
3. Financial Assistance
Government will offer financial help to the farmers for the agriculture on the big scale to increase the economy of the country and to start the export.
The general sector of the country will be enhanced due to the agriculture and improve the economy of the country.
5. Youth Engagement
Youth will get attracted towards the agriculture and they will show interest in the field as well as can bring new ideas.
6. The Role Of Government In Allocating Land
Reserve the plan for the land by showing the map of the place and to start working on the land, get approval from the government, including all titles and deeds to save time and bother.
7. LAND REFORM.
To distribute the plots equally in everyone there should be sub division in the plots so everyone can work according to the plan and there will be no issues with the work.
8. A Proper Farming Plan
Agriculture demands a proper plan from the worker and from the government – and if all goes to plan, theoretically this will employ more people in the sector and increase productivity. Gone are the days of leaving the fields for the city for a job that may not come.
The role of the constitution in agriculture is all about making sure that the conditions are ripe not just to continue exporting its cash crops, but to make sure that the whole country itself is fed and that its farmers can make a decent living doing so. By no means is it a finished product – we’ll find out how it goes as time goes by.